Dermatochalazis (skin excess)
Dermatochalazis is an excess of skin in the eyelids generally associated with aging of the skin.
The skin of the upper eyelid slackens and forms an unsightly fold that falls onto the eyelid.
Dermatochalazis rarely occurs in young patients. It is usually associated with age.
Dermatochalazis of the eyelids is generally caused by aging of the skin: the skin’s fibres lose their elasticity and the skin becomes more flaccid. Often, subcutaneous collagen simultaneously softens which can cause fatty fibres (normally found in the eyeball) to protrude forwards.
Diseases such as thyroid gland pathologies (Graves disease), congenital diseases and smoking constitute predisposing factors.
In rare cases the skin fold is so large that it obstructs the upper visual field.
Dermatochalazis is diagnosed by a clinical examination by an ophthalmologist.
There is no treatment enabling dermatochalazis to be prevented.