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Ectropion
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Ectropion

Ectropion is a problem where an eyelid turns outwards. The mucous membrane which is not normally visible, is then exposed. The mucous membrane colours and is chronically irritated. The eye also generally weeps as the punctum of the tear duct is no longer in contact with the eye.

What are the symptoms?

The lower eyelid no longer sticks to the eye. So the inner eyelid is therefore visible which contributes to its irritation and causes weeping.

Who is affected?

Ectropion affects old people.

What are the causes?

What causes ectropion?

distended eyelids linked with age: with the passing of time the eyelid fibres becomes more flaccid, which causes turning outwards.
facial paralysis: it can also be the consequence of facial paralysis which is accompanied by incorrect positioning of muscles surrounding the eye.
scars or skin insufficiency: in certain skin diseases or following surgery, a problem of skin insufficiency may occur, which causes the eyelid to turn outwards.
An eyelid tumour: both malignant and benign tumours can lead to incorrect positioning of the eyelids.

What is the evolution?

Ectropion develops into constant irritation, weeping and chronic infections.

How is it diagnosed?

Ectropion is diagnosed by a clinical examination by an ophthalmologist.

How can it be prevented?

To prevent unfavourable development, rubbing the eye downwards and outwards should be avoided.

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